FL – An ICC Elite Installer located in Jacksonville, Florida was hired to install a Category 5e (CAT5e) structured cabling system. The project site was a multi-story building. Multiple telecom rooms were available on each level to provide connectivity to different offices. Wall mount racks were installed into the rooms and mounted with CAT5e 24-Port patch panels. The installer decided to install plenum-rated cable because it produces less smoke than traditional PVC cable. In case of a fire, the plenum-rated jacket must self-extinguish and not reignite. 30,000 feet of CAT5e cable was pulled. In the work areas, most workstations were equipped with a 1-Port single-gang faceplate configured with a CAT5e modular keystone connector. In other non-office areas, like a warehouse, 12-Port patch panels were used to act as outlets. Before the installation, the installer offered their customer ICC’s 15-year performance warranty. Once the project was done, they tested and registered the system per TIA’s Permanent Link specification with ICC. ICC then issued a proof-of-warranty certificate back to the installer with a day.
With the number of network connections needed to support 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) growing in data centers, a modern solution is needed to keep patching fields from becoming too congested. Introducing ultra-high-density cabling to data centers is a vast improvement over traditional fiber cabling. Using MPO and MTP® connectors and cables will help integrate fiber into a single interface and support the next technologies of 40 GbE and 100 GbE.
Multi Fiber Push On (MPO)
Multi Fiber Push On, also known as MPO, was originally manufactured to facilitate high-density termination and support high speed communication networks. What started as a 12-fiber single row connector, has now evolved into 8 and 16 single row fibers that have the capability to be stacked together to create 24, 36 and 72 fiber connectors while using multiple precision ferrules. The standard for these MPO styles has been established by the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) and the Telecommunications Industry Association (TIA). The international standard is known as IEC-61754-7 where as the TIA standard is TIA-604-5.
The mechanical transfer ferrule, a multi-fiber ferrule, is important for fiber alignment. It’s required to hold intense tolerances for precision during the molding process as this affects the shape, tolerance and material composition of alignment pins. The result will determine the alignment of the pins and holes as well as the eccentricity and pitch of the fiber.
MTP connectors are designed to enhance optical signal and mechanical performance while providing lower insertion loss over MPO connectors. The ferrule of the MTP connector floats to retain physical contact on mated pairs if there is strain on the cable. The elliptical shaped, stainless steel guided pins in an MTP connector are less likely to cause damage compared to an MPO connector’s pins. The MPO connector has chamfered guided pins that can chip the ferrule and cause the material to drop into the guided pin holes or on the ferrule end face. MTP connectors are built with metal pin clamps that help center the push spring. The spring design prevents damage by maximizing ribbon clearance for 12 fiber and multifiber applications. A variety of MTP connectors are offered to accommodate a variety of applications: Type of boot, round or loose fiber cable, oval jacket or bare ribbon fiber, just to name a few.
MPO connectors can directly interconnect with other MPO based infrastructures, due to being compliant with MTP standards outlines in IEC standard 61754-7 and TI-604-5.
Below are the four types of wiring using 12-pin MTP connector: Straight-through, cross-over, pair flipped, and universal.
Straight through, pair flipped and Universal wiring are all configured key up to key-down for mirrored signals. However, they do vary based on their uses. Straight through wiring are mostly used for patch panels. Pair flipped wiring incorporates a duplex pair-wise flip with the fiber location left to right connector and universal wiring incorporates an even/odd flip with the same left to right fiber location. Cross-over wiring is configured as key-up to key-up with unmirrored signals. Crossover uses include switches, transceivers, and electronic devices.
|Type A (Straight-through)||1:1||Key up to Key down|
|Type B (Cross-over)||Crossed||Key up to Key up|
|Type C (Pair Flipped)||Pairs Crossed||Key up to Key down|
|Universal||Key up to Key down|
Type A (Straight-through)
|Connector||Fiber Arrangement (with Key up view)|
Type B (Cross-over)
|Connector||Fiber Arrangement (with Key up view)|
Type C (Pair Flipped)
|Connector||Fiber Arrangement (with Key up view)|
|Connector||Fiber Arrangement (with Key up view)|
MTP connectors work best when used with other MTP connectors and offer a superior lifetime performance when compared to MPO.
MTP® is a registered trademark of US Conec Ltd.
IA – An ICC Elite Installer located in Iowa was recently hired to install a voice and data cabling system. 55,000 feet of Category 5e (CAT5e) riser-rated cable was pulled, in addition to 5,000 feet of plenum-rated cable. The telecom closet consisted of two CAT5e 48-port patch panels installed on hinged wall mount brackets. To support connectivity to the phone system, 110 wiring blocks with 100-Pair connections were installed. 300 J-Hooks were used to route the cables along the walls. Four-port faceplates, configured with voice RJ-11 and CAT5e data jacks, were installed at each workstation. Also, wall plates with voice 6P6C connectivity and configurable surface mount boxes were used.
CO – An ICC Elite Installer based in Colorado was hired to install a Category 6 structured cabling system. In addition to installing 1200 CAT6 data drops, they pulled 96,000 feet of Category 6 bulk cable. The best part, the cable did not kink or tangle.
ICC’s CAT6 cable is packaged using REELEX II™ technology, a patented method of winding cable into a figure-eight coil. As the coil dispenses from the inside-out, the crossover prevents knots and tangles from forming. To learn more about ICC’s bulk cable, please visit the solution page: icc.com/bulk-cable.
With the demand for greener data centers that can support higher bandwidth at long distances steadily growing, fiber patch cables are being used for installations more frequently. In order to establish which fiber optic cable is most appropriate for the job, two primary layers must be understood first: the core and cladding.
At the core of an optic cable is a cylinder made of either glass or plastic. Cladding, which is what surrounds the core, is also made of glass or plastic.
The amount of light that is able to transmit through the fiber is dependent on the diameter of the outer core: The larger the core, the more light is able to pass through. Finding the diameter of the outer core is done by finding the average of the diameters of the smallest circles restricted to the core-cladding boundary. The mode field diameter is another measurement that defines the maximum intensity of light. Singlemode fiber has a larger diameter due to light entering the cladding.
There are three common core sizes: 62.5/125 (62.5 µm), 50/125 (50 µm) and 9/125 (9 µm) and they are measured in microns, which equates to one-millionth of a meter. Singlemode fiber has a narrow diameter at 8.3 to 10 microns and the diameter ratio of the core to cladding is 9 to 125 microns. Multimode fiber can come with a wide diameter of 50 to 100 microns, but the most common size is 50/125. The diameter ratio of the core to cladding for multimode fiber is 50 to 125 microns.
Cladding is made of reflective material that surrounds the core. This not only helps keep light within the core, but also helps move it through the length of the fiber. Light can sometimes saturate the core as well as the cladding, so it is important that the cladding supports various refractive indexes as well as modes. Modern fibers are built with a higher refractive index than that of the cladding to ensure the quick dissipation of light.
More data is able to be transmitted through a multimode fiber optic cable because the light wave disperses into numerous paths within the core. However, the signal loses strength over long distances. Singlemode fiber optic cable, on the other hand, has a narrow sized core which decreases the amount of light reflections and increases the strength of the signal to travel over longer distances. However, less data is able to be transmitted compared to multimode fiber optic cable.
The multiple layers of plastic that surround the fiber are called coatings. These coatings act as a buffer to preserve strength, absorb shock, and add an additional layer of protection. They come in a variety of microns, from 250 to 900.
There are a number of factors that can affect the loss of connection between two optical fibers. The most notable is core-cladding concentricity; this affects the quality of light transmission. Other factors include fiber core to fiber cladding as well as ferrule edge to ferrule bore. Having the diameter of the fiber mirror the diameter of the bore can also affect the concentricity.
ICC’s fiber patch cables are individually inspected to not exceed 1.5 microns, which helps keep the core as close as possible to the center. This inspection helps remove the possibility of misalignment and decreases optical loss within the core-cladding offset.
Bandwidth versus Distance
The chart below shows the comparison between fiber optic bandwidth and distance. As the data rate in bandwidth increases, the distance decreases.
|Data Rate||Fast Ethernet
|10Gb Base SE-SR||40Gb Base SR4||100Gb Base SR10|
|OS1||Singlemode||9/125||200 meters||5K meters||5K meters||10K meters||Not Supported||Not Supported|
|OM1||Multimode||62.5/125||200 meters||275 meters||Not Supported||33 meters||Not Supported||Not Supported|
|OM2||Multimode||50/125||200 meters||550 meters||Not Supported||82 meters||Not Supported||Not Supported|
|Multimode||50/125||200 meters||550 meters||Not Supported||300 meters||100 meters||100 meters|
|Multimode||50/125||200 meters||550 meters||Not Supported||400 meters||150 meters||150 meters|
This chart displays the differences between Singlemode and Multimode fiber optic cables. Singlemode OS1, covers up to 10,000 meters, which is 50 times more than what multimode can cover. Multimode comes in four different categories: OM1, OM2, OM3, and OM4. The most commonly used are the OM1 and OM2. These fibers are used to support 1Gb Ethernet applications and are supported themselves with 10 Gigabit Ethernet (10GbE) at a length of 33 meters and 82 meters, respectively. OM3 and OM4 cables, which are laser-optimized, are also supported by 10GbE but can run distances of 300m and 550m.
Visit ICC’s Fiber Optic System solution page to learn more.
NE – An internet service provider near Aurora, Nebraska, wanted to modernize their communication system to provide better technology services. They hired an ICC Elite Installer who pulled 33,000 feet of CAT6 bulk cable for the entire installation. The installer built their patch panels using 48 port high density (HD) blank panels and configured them with 300 CAT6 RJ45 HD keystone jacks. Using configurable patch panels provides flexibility if jacks need to be repositioned or changed. The installer was able to also save on rack space by using HD style products. In the patching areas, 250 CAT6 patch cords in one-foot lengths were used to interconnect the panels to network switches.
AL – An Elite Installer based in Alabama was hired to install a data cabling system. The project started with 30,000 feet of CAT6 cable with 23AWG being pulled. The sequential footage markings on the outside jacket made measuring the cable simple while the REELEX® pull box made running cable to the work areas stress-free. 48-port HD patch panels were also installed to maximize the connectivity in the limited space they had to work with. In the work area outlets, 800 HD RJ-11 modular jacks were installed. The modular design of the keystone jacks provided more port configuration as well as superior performance and signal quality.
TX – An ICC Elite Installer, located in Texas, was hired to expand an existing structured cabling system that supported Gigabit Ethernet applications. Using CAT6 bulk cable with 23 AWG solid wires, they were able to achieve their desired results. With the convenient pull box design, dispensing 74,000 feet of CAT6 UTP cable from the data room was a simple task. The sequential markings on the outer jacket also made marking and measuring the cable easy and precise. The blue and white colors of the cables made distinguishing them apart a simple procedure. The installer also set up 4 post distribution racks to add 48 port patch panels that added 672 drops in the telecom room. The racks helped facilitate and maximize the space within the data room for the additional equipment. In the work area, the installer over 1,000 CAT6 HD modular jacks to connect equipment too. The compact size of the RJ-45 keystone jacks allowed for greater configuration in a denser area.
TX – An ICC Certified Elite Installer based out of Corpus Christi, Texas, that specializes in low-voltage cabling was hired to install an ICC structured cabling system. The project called for 400 data drops to run from the telecommunication room (TR) to the work area (WA). The network required a cabling system to support Gigabit Ethernet, so the installer recommended ICC Category 6 (CAT6) cable and connectivity as a permanent link solution. Infrastructure in the TR consisted of two 4-post distribution racks connected to a ladder rack overhead. Mounting ICC’s 48-port HD blank patch panels on the racks helped to maximize connectivity per rack mount space. Thirty-five thousand feet of CAT6 bulk cables were routed between the TR and WA using 2-inch galvanized steel J-Hooks. The hooks can hold fifty CAT6 cables at 50% capacity. The 23AWG UTP solid cables came packaged in convenient EZ-pull boxes which made dispensing simple. Also, sequential markings on the outer jacket helped make measuring and tracking easier. In the work area, each outlet at the workstation was installed with a 2-port white faceplate configured with CAT6 HD modular jacks.
NC – An ICC Elite Installer located near Knightdale, North Carolina, was hired to install an ICC structured cabling system. The project called for 312 Category 6 (CAT6) data drops to run from the equipment room to the work areas. Common project materials such as faceplates, keystone jacks, J-Hooks, and others were used for the installation. However, the installer decided to purchase 48-port CAT6 patch panels in a six-pack ValuePack.
ICC’s ValuePack helps reduce the cost per patch panel, saving the installer money. Also, packing six patch panels in a single carton saved the installer time from opening multiple cartons and reduced packaging waste, protecting the environment. Each panel is individually protected with bubble wrap to prevent scratching during shipping. The ValuePack carton is resealable. It can help store unused products until they are needed. The carton is also built tough and designed for repeated use. Most importantly, ICC’s patch panels are in compliance with industry standards.
ICC’s CAT6 patch panels are TIA® and ETL® “component-rated” which is a tougher standard than the “permanent link” rating. Also, 50 micro inch gold is plated on the contact’s interface area in each port of the panel which meets the FCC part 68 compliance. Plus, ICC’s patch panels are PoE 100W rated. To learn more about ICC’s CAT6 48-port patch panels in ValuePack, please visit the following link: https://icc.com/product/cat6-patch-panel-48-ports-2-rms/.
AZ – A top performing financial and insurance company outside Phoenix, AZ, needed to update their company’s voice and data applications expeditiously. The company started by updating the telecoms room. Using an ICC Elite Installer, they were able to incorporate ICC’s 48-port HD blank patch panels along with a 2-post distribution rack. This allowed for a simple installation as well as help save on space which was limited. From there, the installer was able to run ICC’s CAT 6 bulk cable with 23AWG to the actual workspace. Pulling and measuring cable was made easy thanks to the simple REELEX box design and the sequential markings on the outer jacket of the cable. ICC’s CAT 6A 10gig UTP cable was also used to help support transmission performance beyond 650MHz and alien crosstalk. Using this cable also qualified the company for a lifetime performance warranty because it was installed by an ICC Elite Installer. The job was finished with adding ICC’s CAT6 HD CAT6 modular jacks. These 8-position 8-conductor components were used to support signal quality and noise reduction for Gigabit Ethernet application. The smaller design helped maximize space on the workspace.
NM – A memorial hospital outside Deming, New Mexico, hired an ICC Elite Installer to upgrade their structured cabling system. After evaluating how to improve the bandwidth for their data security applications, the installer recommended adding 144 Category 6 data drops. Due to limited space in the telecommunications room, the Elite Installer recommended installing a wall mount rack. The installer used six 24-port blank patch panels in 1 rack mount space and configured them with CAT6 keystone modules. These patch panels gave the installation more flexibility because the modules can be easily removed and interchanged whenever needed. The installer then ran CAT6e Premise Cable with 23AWG UTP solid wires from the telecom room to the work areas. Available in spools of 1000 feet with REELEX™ coiling technology, the installer was able to conveniently pull, track, and measure the cable with ease due to its REELEX™ pull box dispensing carton and easy-to-read sequential markings on the outer jacket. In the work area, faceplates were configured with CAT6 RJ-45 keystone jacks. ICC Premise Cables, keystone jacks, and patch panels are fine-tuned to work together. The installer was able to gain superior signal quality and noise reduction due to enhanced Near End and Far End crosstalk cancellation.
TX – A company outside Corpus Christi, Texas, hired an ICC Elite Installer to help upgrade their network. The project required an increase of 240 Category 5e data ports for supporting a 1G Base-T bandwidth. Due to the limited space in the telecom room, the Elite Installer recommended installing a wall mount rack. They also suggested configuring blank patch panels with CAT5e modular jacks and mounting them on the rack to make future moves, adds, and changes easy. The installer purchased a four-pack of CAT5e modular jacks because it came with a JackEasy tool. The tool can trim four pairs of wires simultaneously, reducing installation time. Using ICC’s CAT 5e bulk cable, they were able to install 24AWG UTP solid wires easily due to the EZ pull dispensing carton and convenient sequential markings on the outer jacket. The UTP solid wire cables were installed to ensure the performance and quality of the new system. CAT5e molded boot patch cords were also used to connect network equipment.
CA – A newly constructed resort near Napa, California, hired an ICC Elite Installer to upgrade their structured cabling system. The project required expanding the number of workstations and increasing bandwidth for their specific applications. The installer recommended adding more than 300 Category 6 (CAT6) data drops as well as adding twelve 10G multimode and twenty-four singlemode fiber drops. In addition, this project also called for more infrastructure to support the increased connectivity. Fourteen seven-foot, open-frame distribution racks were installed into the telecom room,. In addition, the CAT6 system was installed, which consisted of 48-port patch panels, keystone jacks at the work area outlets, and horizontal cable. Paired with ICC’s LC-LC fiber optic adapter panel, the LC duplex fiber optic patch cables were able to interconnect network equipment to ensure precise connections to the fiber cables. In order to protect the newly installed fiber, rack mount enclosures were installed with ladder rack. The enclosures were mounted on top of the racks and along the walls to allow the cable to run overhead and exit and enter from the telecom room.
UT – A leading national distributor located near Salt Lake City, Utah, desired to improve the bandwidth of their voice, data, and video network. They hired an ICC Elite Installer to review their existing setup and propose a solution. The installer recommended upgrading the entire structured cabling system to Category 6A (CAT6A) performance. After incorporating ICC’s CAT6A UTP solid cables along with CAT6A component-rated connectors and patch panels, the system was tested and proven to support 10 Gigabit Ethernet applications.
MA – A nationally recognized voice, data, video, and security company based outside Maine, Massachusetts, was hired to install an ICC structured cabling system. The company was able to improve the existing set up using CAT6e bulk cable with 48-port CAT6 patch panels along with fiber optic enclosures with LC-LC 10G multimode LGX adapter panels. They were able to measure and dispense the CMR and CMP UTP cables effortlessly due to the convenient pull box and visible sequential markings on the outer jacket. ICC’s single-sided finger ducts provided a sleek and uniform look thanks to the slotted horizontal design. The lightweight yet durable LC fiber adapter panel built with a metal sleeve provided precision alignment and longevity. Its easy snap-in design makes for smooth installation and removal when needed. Lastly, using CAT6 patch panels with 48 ports, they were able to achieve optimum permanent and channel link performance which also minimized crosstalk and helped reduce return loss.
NY – Sixty-two residences in New York City, had ICC’s wiring enclosures installed into their homes. They elected to hire an ICC Elite Installer to wire phone, CAT6 data, and video connectivity throughout the complex. Fifty 14-inch enclosures and twelve 9-inch enclosures were installed altogether. 24,000 feet of CAT6 cable was pulled to help facilitate the connection between the enclosures and outlets. White decorator faceplates with CAT6 keystone jacks were configured and installed at the outlets to accentuate a uniform look.
TX – A government agency in Fort Worth Texas, elected to use ICC products to streamline the security applications in their facility. With the help of an ICC Elite Installer™, they opted for a Category 6 structured cabling system. Pulling cable was made easy due to the CAT6 system design which included REELEX II™ and tangle-free winding while being conveniently packaged in an easy-to-dispense pull box. Sequential footage markings on the outside of the plenum-rated jacket, also made it easy to track usage during this process. Paired with ICC’s EZ® Category 6 modular jacks and RJ-45 keystone jacks, they were able to maximize speeds up to 500 MHz for their data security network.
In the Telecom Room, the installer chose 24-Port CAT6 patch panels in one rack mount space. It was easy to punch-down and terminate wires due to ICC’s design of the rear panel which included 110-Type IDCs.
NE – A school district in Lincoln, Nebraska saw the opportunity to upgrade their network cabling system during a renovation. They hired an ICC Certified Elite Installer (CEI) who recommended Category 6 (CAT6). CAT6 can support Gigabit Ethernet which is enough bandwidth for students and administrative staff. The CEI installed over 400 data drops and pulled 45,000 feet of ICC CAT6 bulk cable, plenum and riser-rated, throughout the school. One and two port faceplates were configured with CAT6 keystone jacks and installed in the offices and classrooms.
Products, such as finger duct panels, were purchased in value-packs to help reduce cost. And since the CEI bought $10,000 worth of ICC products, they qualified to earn 2% back in rewards.
AZ – A school district located near Hot Springs, Arizona hired an ICC Certified Elite Installer TM (CEI) to upgrade their structured cabling system to support 10GbE network applications. ICC Category 6A (CAT6A) rated cable and connectivity was recommended for the system. 240 drops were installed between the work area and telecommunication room. Over 54,000 feet of ICC CAT6A Riser rated bulk cable was pulled. Cable with blue and white jackets was used to help identify between equipment; such as computers. More than $10,000 worth of ICC products was purchased for this project which qualified the CEI to earn 2% back in rewards.